Why you should try Svelte

I recently came across the new rising star when I watched the stateofjs 2019. They received the “Prediction Award,” which means they are “awarded to an up-and-coming technology that might take over… or not?”. I read about Svelte last year, but nothing caught me, so that I forgot about it. But stateofjs 2019 made me curious, so I visited the website.

My first impression was okay. It is:

a radical new approach to building user interfaces…

and Svelte

writes code that surgically updates the DOM when the state of your app changes.

Okay, nice…yeah, that sounds nice! I didn’t know at this moment that I will recommend the framework for your next app, but it got my attention. I am into ReactJs and Angular for years, and I thought that these are enough frontend frameworks. I took a look at VueJs, and I liked it as well, but I never used it in a project.

Back to the topic! They encourage you to read their “introductory blog post”, so I continued. And here it started. You all should watch the video from Rich Harris about “Rethinking Reactivity”. Even if you are not interested in learning Svelte, if you only like ReactJs, Vue, or any other reason. The talk is very entertaining.


Check out what you need to know for your first component in Svelte and learn the main advantages of version 3 from the compiler framework. This post tries to outline the key facts of Svelte and is not a comparison like angular vs. svelte.

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Table of Contents

  1. What is Svelte?
  2. Why you should try Svelte?
  3. Where can you try it?
  4. How to start with your first component?
  1. What’s next?

1. What is Svelte?

So what is it? It is a component framework. You define components and reuse them all over your web app, website, or whatever you are implementing. Just like in ReactJs VueJs, or any other framework. But what is the difference? One of the main differences is that runs at build time.

Currently svelte is in version 3, and within the poll for stateofjs 2022 90 % of the devs still voted for Svelte good in the categories retention, interest, usage, and awareness ratio over time. While Retention is: would use again / (would use again + would not use again), Interest: want to learn / (want to learn + not interested), Usage: (would use again + would not use again) / total, and Awareness: (total - never heard) / total.

But what does that mean, it runs at build time? This means Svelte is more a compiler instead of a runtime component framework. It does not need any abstraction layer in the browser to run your code. It compiles the components you implement into plain JavaScript code.

Additionally, it comes with its build-in reactivity mechanism. Therefore you don’t need any state management or external data binding library to sync your dynamic div class attribute.

2. Why you should try Svelte

…Frameworks are primarily a tool for structuring your thoughts, not your code. (Rich Harris)

Svelte is a framework. React and Angular are frameworks as well, and we could also consider using VueJs. What are the main arguments for using Svelte?

  1. At deployment, you get less JavaScript, that running in your browser.

  2. Apps developed are highly compatible. For example, if you develop a timer in Svelte, you can use the compiled version of your widget in any other framework. The component exports an autonomous class that you can use for your own app and mount to your DOM nodes. (note: There is a smililar method for React)

  3. Without the abstraction layer of a runtime framework, you serve less code to the browser. Code splitting can be much more valuable. You serve your code without the framework code.

  4. The maintainers are free in choosing the features they want to include in the framework. As Svelte itself is not in the compiled JavaScript output, they can add features without worrying about performance issues for runtime users. They can add many features, and none of us developers has any disadvantages because of the bundle size.

  5. It is always good to keep an eye on such great approaches. And in terms of performance and user experience, I think JAMStack applications like GatsbyJs are indispensable.

In a previous version of this article I noted that the team behind Svelte also develops Sapper. Sapper is now deprecated in favor of SvelteKit.

3. Where can you try it?

The easiest way is to use their REPL. REPL is an online editor where you can check out the framework features in your browser. I recommend you to complete the svelte blog tutorials as well. They are built on each other very well, but still independent if you want to jump between features.

4. How to start with your first component?

If you want to build the app on your local machine, make sure you install NodeJs. Otherwise, you can use the REPL.

In this case, we use Node to install and the npx command to install the development environment on our local machine.

npx degit sveltejs/template svelte-tutorial

cd svelte-tutorial

These commands download all necessary files for us, and we need to finish that setup with npm install to install all dependencies listed in our package.json.

Run npm run dev to start and visit localhost on port 5000 in your browser.

Now we are ready to implement our first component.

Terminal showing the start of the development server

Visit your browser on localhost:5000 and check if the page is running.

Running development server on localhost:5000

Before we start coding let’s have a quick look on the component basics:

Component parts

A component is declared in a .svelte file and contains three main parts.

  1. Markup

You code your Html in every component file. For example, a specific Html svelte component without style and JavaScript looks like this.


<h1>Hello world!</h1>
  1. Styles

Your component styles are wrapped between <style> tags and contain the Html for your component. We add some styles to our headline above, and I rename the file.


  h1 {
    font-size: 42px;

<h1>Hello world!</h1>
  1. JavaScript

We add <script> tags to our file. The script block contains the JavaScript logic. To illustrate that, I create another file called DynamicStyledHeadline.svelte.

  let name = "Nora";

  h1 {
    font-size: 42px;

<h1>Hello {name}!</h1>

See how I also added the same variable into curly braces in the HTML {VARIABLE}. This is how you make the variable accessible for the template.

  import SimpleHeadline from "./components/SimpleHeadline.svelte";
  import StyledHeadline from "./components/StyledHeadline.svelte";
  import DynamicStyledHeadline from "./components/DynamicStyledHeadline.svelte";

  main {
    /* ... */

  <SimpleHeadline />
  <StyledHeadline />
  <DynamicStyledHeadline />
  <!-- ... -->

If you import the component into your App like above, you can see the DynamicStyledHeadline on your local page.

image showing three different headlines to illustrate the function of svelte components

⚠️ Markup sanitization ⚠️ If you want to insert markup into you variable you can use an annotation like syntax. {@html string} will not sanitize your markup. You should escape it manually.

  let string = "this string contains some <strong>HTML!!!</strong>";
<p>{@html string}</p>

Svelte warnings

What I like are the warnings the framework is providing. In the example below you, a warning appears that no alt attribute is found. You can see the notification on your local development environment or in the REPL.

  let src = "tutorial/image.gif";

<img src="{src}" />
<img {src} />
<!-- shorthand -->
<!-- svelete expects this line with the alt attribute: <img {src} alt="A man dances."> -->

Component logic and conditional rendering

If/else statements

In most cases of your application, you need to render the markup in your application or component state’s dependency. In Svelte, you implement this with if/else statements. If you used handlebars in any project, they might look familiar to you. Any conditional block starts with an # and ends with a /. If you want an else block, you use the : character like below. An else block can be plain or with another if-statement.

  let name = "Nora";

{#if name === 'Nora'}
<p>{name} - What a beautiful name.</p>
{/if} {#if name === 'Nora'}
<p>{name} - What a beautiful name.</p>
{:else if name === 'Linda'}
<p>{name} - I like that name</p>
<p>{name} - The name is also beautiful.</p>

Loops in Svelte

I the real world, we need to loop over data. Like an if-statement, you start the block with # and end with / character. You can loop over any object as long as it has a length property. You can loop over generic iterables with each [...iterable]. In our case, we loop through the names array and access the current name with the as keyword. Additionally, we get the current index as the second parameter.

You can use the destructuring syntax as well. In this case, you use each names as { name }.

  let names = [{ name: "Nora" }, { name: "Linda" }, { name: "Helga" }];

<h1>Beautiful names</h1>

  {#each names as currentName, index}
    <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="{}_(name)">

Waiting for data with the await block

As we all have to deal with asynchronous web development, we also have to wait for it. The JavaScript language features like the await keyword help us with that. In Svelte, we get a handy syntax to wait for a promise to resolve: #await 🚀.

  let promise = getRandomNumber();

  async function getRandomNumber() {
    const res = await fetch(`tutorial/random-number`);
    const text = await res.text();

    if (res.ok) {
      return text;
    } else {
      throw new Error(text);

  function handleClick() {
    promise = getRandomNumber();

<button on:click="{handleClick}">generate random number</button>

{#await promise}
{:then number}
<p>The number is {number}</p>
{:catch error}
<p style="color: red">{error.message}</p>

It might also be interesting:

5. What’s next?

You find all the resources for this article on GitHub. Feel free to check it out, try some stuff, or fork it.

You should now be well packed for your first component. If you want to dive deeper, I recommend taking an hour or two of your time and going through the official Svelte training tutorial. 👨‍🏫

If you like this article, smile for a moment, share it, follow me, check out my RSS feed, and subscribe to my newsletter.

Cheers Marc


2023-01-31: added a section about current Svlete version, added a section about SvelteKit

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